HISTORICAL PLACES OF INDIA
HISTORICAL PLACES OF INDIA / TOP TEN HISTORICAL PLACES OF INDIA / List of HISTORICAL PLACES OF INDIA
LIST OF HISTORICAL PLACES OF INDIA FOR ALL UPCOMING COMPETITIVE EXAMS
HISTORICAL PLACES OF INDIA is an important topic for all upcoming Competitive Exams like IBPS RRBs, IBPS PO, SSC CGL MAINS, SSC MTS, PCS, IAS, IB, NICL and other competitive Exam .
1. TAJ MAHAL, AGRA:
• Location – Agra , Uttar pardesh, India
• Architect – Ustad Ahmed Lahauri
• Architectural style – Mughal architecture
The Taj Mahal was built in the memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal, a Persian princess who died giving birth to their 14th child. Construction of the Taj Mahal began in 1632. The imperial court documenting Shah Jahan’s grief after the death of Mumtaz Mahal illustrate the love story held as the inspiration for Taj Mahal.
2. AGRA FORT, UTTAR PRADESH:
Agra Fort is a historical fort in the city of Agra in India. It was the main residence of the emperors of the Mughal Dynasty till 1638, when the capital was shifted from Agra to Delhi. The Agra fort is a UNESCO World Heritage site.
After the First Battle of Panipat in 1526, the victorious Babur stayed in the fort, in the palace of Ibrahim Lodi. He later built a baoli(step well) in it. His successor, Humayun, was crowned in the fort in 1530. He was defeated at Bilgram in 1540 by Sher Shah Suri.
3. RED FORT, DELHI :
The Red Fort is a historical fort situated in the Delhi . It was the main residence of the emperors of the Mughal dynasty for nearly 200 years, until 1857. It is located in the center of Delhi and houses a number of museums. In addition to accommodating the emperors and their households, it was the ceremonial and political centre of the Mughal state and the setting for events critically impacting the region.
Built by: Shah Jahan
Built: 12 May 1639 – 6 April 1648; (8 years 10 months & 25 days)
Architectural styles: Indo-Islamic architecture, Mughal architecture
Designer: Ustad Ahmad Lahouri
4. QUTUB MINAR, DELHI :
Qutub Minar is a minaret that forms part of the Qutb complex, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the Mehrauli area of Delhi, India. Made of red sandstone and marble, Qutub Minar is a 73-metre tall tapering tower of five storeys, with a 14.3 metre base diameter, reducing to 2.7 metres at the peak. It contains a spiral staircase of 379 steps. Its design is thought to have been based on the Minaret of Jam, in western Afghanistan.
Architectural style: Indo-Islamic architecture
Constructed by : Qutab- Ud –Din Aibak
5. HUMAYUN’S TOMB, DELHI:
Humayun’s tomb is the tomb of the Mughal Emperor Humayun in Delhi, India. The tomb was commissioned by Humayun’s first wife and chief consort, Empress Bega Begum, in 1569-70.
Architectural style: Mughal architecture
Built by: Hamida Banu Begum
Architect: Mirak Mirza Ghiyath
6. FATEHPURI SIKRI, UTTAR PRADESH:
Fatehpur Sikri is a small city in northern India, founded by a 16th-century Mughal emperor. Red sandstone buildings cluster at its center. Buland Darwaza gate is the entrance to Jama Masjid mosque. Diwan-E-Khas hall has a carved central pillar. Jodha Bais Palace is a mix of Hindu and Mughal styles, next to the 5-story Panch Mahal that overlooks the site.
Built by: Akbar
7. HAWA MAHAL, JAIPUR :
Hawa Mahal is a palace in Jaipur, India, so it is named because it was essentially a high screen wall built so that the women of the royal family could observe street festivals while unseen from the outside. It is Constructed of red and pink sandstone, the palace sits on the edge of the City Palace, Jaipur, and extends to the zenana, or women’s chambers.
Structural System – Red and pink sandstone
Architect – Lal chand ustad
8. SANCHI STUPA, MADHYA PRADESH:
Sanchi is a Buddhist complex, famous for its Great Stupa, on a hilltop at Sanchi Town in Raisen District of the State of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is located in 46 kilometres north-east of Bhopal.
The Great Stupa at Sanchi is one of the oldest stone structure in India and was originally commissioned by the emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century BCE. The original construction work of this stupa was overseen by Ashoka, whose wife Devi was the daughter of a merchant of nearby Vidisha. Sanchi was also her birthplace as well as the venue of her and Ashoka’s wedding.
9. GATEWAY OF INDIA, MUMBAI
The Gateway of India is an arch monument built during the 20th century in Bombay, India. The monument was erected to commemorate the landing of King George V and Queen Mary at Apollo Bunder on their visit to India in 1911.
The Gateway of India is located on the waterfront at Apollo Bunder area at the end of Chhatrapati Shivaji Marg in South Mumbai and overlooks the Arabian Sea. The monument has also been referred to as the Taj Mahal of Mumbai, and is the city’s top tourist attraction.
The Gateway of India was built to commemorate the visit of King George V and Queen Mary to Mumbai. The foundation stone was laid on March 31, 1913 by the governor of Bombay, Sir George Sydenham Clarke with the final design of George Wittet sanctioned on March 31, 1914.
10. AJANTA & ELLORA CAVES, AURANGABAD:
The Ajanta Caves are about 29 rock-cut Buddhist cave monuments in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra state of India. The caves include paintings and rock cut sculptures described as among the finest surviving examples of ancient Indian art, particularly expressive paintings that present emotion through gesture, pose and form.
The Ajanta Caves are generally agreed to have been made in three distinct periods, the first belonging to the 2nd century BCE to 1st century CE, and second period that followed several centuries later.The caves consist of 36 identifiable foundations, some of them discovered after the original numbering of the caves from 1 through 29. The later identified caves have been suffixed with the letters of the alphabet, such as 15A identified between originally numbered caves 15 and 16.
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